Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, (or simply known as Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi in Turkey). The Sufi mystic was born on the 30th of September, 1207 and died on the 17th of December, 1273. His family fled the Mogul invasion to Konya, Turkey where he spent most of his life. Rumi, was a philosopher and mystic of Islam, but not a Muslim of the orthodox type. His doctrine advocates unlimited tolerance, positive reasoning, goodness, charity and awareness through love. To him and to his disciples all religions are more or less truth. Looking with the same eye on Muslim, Jew and Christian alike, his peaceful and tolerant teaching has appealed to men of all sects and creeds.
In around 1215-1220, Rumi's family – and the disciples who followed his father’s teachings, traveled west, first performing the Hajj (a pilgrimage to Mecca). While they were journeying to Anatolia , Rumi met one of the most famous mystic Persianpoets, 'Attar. 'Attar saw the father walking ahead of the son and, according to the stories, said, "Here comes a sea followed by an ocean." He gave Rumi his Asrarnama, a book about the entanglement of the soul in the material world. This meeting had a deep impact on the teenage Rumi, and would become the inspiration for his works.
The travellers then settled in Karaman for seven years; Rumi's mother and brother both died there. In 1225,Rumi eventually settled in the Anatolian city Konya (at that time capital of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum, now located in Turkey. Indeed, it is because he lived most of his adult life in Rum that he is called Rumi) in the year 1228, when he was 21 years old.
Rumi’s father became the head of a religious school (madrassa) and when he died four years later, one of his students, Sayyed Burhan ud-Din Muhaqqiq Termazi, took over the school, and taught Rumi his father’s tenets. For nine years, until Burhan ud-Din’s death, Rumi practiced Sufism as his disciple. Then, Rumi became a teacher. He preached in the mosques of Konya, and taught in the madrassa. In 1244, Rumi met the dervish Shams-e Tabrizi, who helped him form his philosophy. Shams was killed under mysterious circumstances and Rumi was greatly affected by his death.
Rumi had married Gowhar Khatun in Karaman, and they had two sons: Sultan Walad and Ala-eddin Chalabi. When his wife died, Rumi married again and had a son, Amir Alim Chalabi, and a daughter, Malakeh Khatun.
In December 1273, at the age of 66, Rumi fell ill in Konya and died after a short illness. His body was interred beside that of his father, and a shrine, the Yesil Türbe or Green Tomb ( today the Mevlana Museum), was erected over his place of burial.